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The third industrial revolution will be based on Europe and the regions of Europe. Wallonia will totally be part of this redeployment. This redeployment is supported by sectors with high level economic potential and innovative activities.

In 2005, the Walloon Government adopted its Priority Action Plan, the “Marshall Plan” which aims to boost the economy of the Region. In 2009, our priorities were con­firmed and updated in a “2.Green Marshall Plan”. At the heart of our strategy, the de­velopment of a new industrial policy mainly focused on the development of industrial eco-systems through an ambitious Competitiveness Poles policy.

The main objective of this policy is to reach a high level of competitiveness and international visibility in some key growth sectors (life sciences, agro-industry, me­chanical engineering, transport & logistic, aeronautics & space) on the basis of strong partnerships projects between enterprises, research centers/universities and train­ing centers. Mixing top-down and bottom-up approaches, this policy constitutes the backbone of the regional smart specialization strategy. It mixes different policy tools and fosters cross-fertilization among different industries and sectors.

Since 2009, we’ve been putting a greater emphasis on eco-efficiency and green technologies. In 2011, a 6th Pole in environmental technologies was created, and we developed a new industrial ecology action line with a view to deal with new green challenges and opportunities and foster resource efficiency. We have also concluded in 2013 a partnership with the Ellen McArthur Foundation to promote practices of circular economy (NEXT program).

Furthermore, with the Creative Wallonia Action Plan (2010), the Government fosters the transformation of regional economy through the emergence of a wide‐spread innovation and creativity culture in Wallonia. Cross fertilization between tradi­tional industrial sectors and creative and cultural industries is further explored in the context of the Wallonia, European Creative District – a large-scale demonstrator project supported by the European Commission since 2012.

The international dimension is fully integrated in our industrial policy. Each Com­petitiveness Pole has developed an internationalization strategy. More than 30 international partnerships have already been agreed. Our Poles are involved in several European projects and networks, which allow fostering cross-border and cross-European clusters.